Micronutrient Powders (MNP)

Micronutrient Powders (MNP): Multiple micronutrient powders (MNP) are an innovation in home fortification, addressing vitamin and mineral deficiencies. It is a unique delivery system that provides micronutrients to vulnerable populations by enabling families to fortify a foods at the point of use, such as in the home or in schools.

MNPs come in small, single-serve sachets (like small packets of sugar) containing a blend of micronutrients in powder form, which are easily sprinkled onto foods prepared in the home. Any homemade soft, semi-solid food can be fortified instantly by adding micronutrient powders. Coating of the iron prevents changes to the taste, color or texture of the food to which MNPs are added. It is foreseen that in the future, other MNP interventions will be initiated to reach even more children and other target groups including older children and adolescents in schools.

The largest body of evidence is around MNPs for prevention and control of iron-deficiency anemia, for which a systematic review, a WHO Guideline, and an HF-TAG programmatic guidance brief exist.

Table 1 lists the 15 vitamins and minerals and their amounts in a single 1 gram sachet of the standard MNP available through UNICEF and distributed in UNICEF and WFP programmes.

Table 1. Amounts of vitamins and minerals per 1 sachet in the standard MNP available through UNICEF and distributed in UNICEF and WFP programmes. These amounts deliver approximately one daily amount of each of the 15 vitamins and minerals included (based on WHO/FAO Recommended Nutrient Intake for children aged 1-3 y)

Vitamin Type Quantity

Vitamin A g RE

400

Vitamin D g

5

Vitamin E mg

5

Vitamin C mg

30

Thiamine (vitamin B1) mg

0.5

Riboflavin (vitamin B2) mg

0.5

Niacin (vitamin B3) mg

6

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) mg

0.5

Vitamin B12 (cobalamine) g

0.9

Folate g

150.0

Iron mg

10.0

Zinc mg

4.1

Copper mg

0.56

Selenium g

17.0

Iodine

90

 

Table 2: Locally branded MNP products are used around the globe, some examples include:

Product Name Country

Baal Vita

Nepal

Bo Fanjaka

Madagascar

Chispitas Nutricionales

Bolivia, Colombia, Cuba, Guatemala, Peru

Chispitas Solidarias

Dominican Republic

Estrellitas Nutricionales

Peru

Foon vitamin Lae Keua Hae

Lao PDR

Gulazyk

Kyrgyzstan

Macrovital

Guatemala

Masao Vitamine

Cambodia

Olon nairlagat bichil tejeeliin holimog

Mongolia

Powder Qowat

Afghanistan

Pushitikona

Bangladesh

Taburia

Indonesia

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